The cause of gum disease is typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. Daily brushing and flossing can remove plaque. This leads to the buildup of tar tar. Tar tar cannot be removed by brushing, a professional must remove the buildup from the teeth. The earliest stage of gum disease is gingivitis, this includes swollen, bleeding gums. Despite all of this, it is reversible with timely treatment. The second stage is periodontitis. This disease occurs when the gums’ inner layer pulls away from the teeth and forms pockets. Periodontitis is defined by the loss of bone supporting the teeth.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bad breath that won’t go away.
- Red or swollen gums.
- Tender or bleeding gums.
- Painful chewing.
- Loose teeth.
- Sensitive teeth.
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth.
Prevent Gum Disease
- Brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
- Flossing regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Or, you can use a device such as a special brush, wooden or plastic pick, or a “water flosser” recommended by a dental professional.
- Visiting the dentist routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.
- Quitting smoking.
Remember to make your oral health a priority. Book an appointment today to keep your oral health in check!